Multi-walled carbon nanotubes
Tiny cylindrical tubes that consist of rolled-up sheets of graphene. Carbon nanotubes are 2,000 times thinner than a human hair. They look like a black-colored powder and are very lightweight. Carbon nanotubes have unique combination of mechanical strength, conductivity and thermal stability. Carbon nanotubes act as a high-performance additive. Manufacturers use carbon nanotubes to make a variety of goods, including durable batteries, light weight polymer composites, smart textile, concrete, conductive coatings, paints, inks and 3D resins.
Carbon black is a fine carbon powder commonly produced from heavy petroleum fractions or natural gas. It is used as a reinforcing agent in rubber products, such as tires, as well as in other products, such as plastics, inks, and coatings. Carbon black is also a pigment in printing inks, paints, and plastics due to its high tinting strength and UV resistance. Furthermore, it is an additive in batteries, electronics, and other industrial products.
Recycling plastic waste via THERMO-CVD releases large quantities of hydrogen as a by-product. Hydrogen is a useful chemical product that has numerous applications. Furthermore, it is projected that hydrogen will become a main fuel of future economy, replacing hydrocarbons derived from natural gas and crude oil. In light of the fact that approximately 150-190 million tonnes of plastic waste end up in landfills or leak into the environment annually, plastic waste can become a crucial source of hydrogen. Recycling this plastic waste can produce 20-30 million tonnes of low-carbon hydrogen per year.